Broken bones are a common injury and can be very painful. When dealing with a broken bone there are many first aid procedures to consider. Knowing the right procedure to take is important, but knowing what to do before the injury happens is just as important. Make sure you know how to identify a broken bone, so that you can know what to do if one occurs. Read about first aid for broken bones below.
First Aid for a Broken Bone
If you have a broken bone, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. In the meantime, there are some first aid procedures that can help to reduce pain and swelling.
If the bone is protruding from the skin, do not try to push it back in. This could cause further injury. If the bone is not protruding from the skin, gently apply a splint to the area to immobilize the bone. You can use a rolled up newspaper or magazine, sticks, or anything else that will keep the bone in place.
Apply ice to the area for 20 minutes at a time to help reduce swelling. Do not put ice directly on the skin; wrap it in a towel first.
Elevate the injured limb above heart level to help reduce swelling.
Use over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or paracetamol to help relieve pain.
Symptoms of a Fracture
When you have a fracture, it means that your bone has been broken. It can happen from an injury or from a fall. A fracture can be a small crack in the bone or a complete break. You may hear a popping sound when the bone fractures.
If you have a fracture, you will likely feel pain right away. The pain may be sharp or dull and it may get worse when you move the injured area. You may also see swelling, bruising, and deformity around the site of the injury. If the bone has broken through the skin, you will see an open wound.
If you think you have a fracture, it is important to seek medical attention right away. A doctor will need to take X-rays to confirm the diagnosis and determine the best course of treatment. Treatment for a fracture typically involves immobilization of the injured limb with a splint or cast to allow for healing. Surgery may also be necessary in some cases.
Treatment for Fractures
There are different types of fractures, and the treatment will vary depending on the type of fracture and the severity. If you suspect that you or someone else has a fracture, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
For a minor hairline fracture, treatment may simply involve wearing a splint or cast for a few weeks to allow the bone to heal. More serious fractures may require surgery to repair the bone. In some cases, metal rods, plates, or screws may be used to hold the bone in place while it heals. Recovery from surgery can take several weeks or months.
After a fracture has healed, it is important to do exercises to strengthen the muscles and bones in the area to help prevent future fractures.
What to do if there is Bleeding
If there is bleeding, it is important to control the bleeding as soon as possible. There are a few ways to do this:
– Apply direct pressure to the wound with a clean cloth or bandage.
-Elevate the injured limb above the level of the heart, if possible.
-If the bleeding is coming from an artery, apply a tourniquet (but only if you are trained to do so).
It is also important to keep the wound clean to prevent infection. Apply a sterile dressing to the wound and seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Prevention Measures for Broken Bones
There are several prevention measures that can be taken to help avoid broken bones. First, it is important to eat a healthy diet that includes foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, which help keep bones strong. Getting regular exercise is also important, as it helps to build up bone density. Additionally, wearing protective gear when participating in activities that carry a risk of falling or impact (such as biking, skateboarding, or skiing) can help prevent bone injuries. Finally, quitting smoking cigarettes is beneficial for overall health and can also help reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis, a condition that weakens bones and makes them more susceptible to fractures.
If you have suffered a broken bone, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. In the meantime, there are a few first aid procedures that you can follow to help reduce pain and swelling. Remember to always consult with a medical professional before attempting any of these procedures. With their guidance, you can ensure that you are taking the best possible care of your broken bone and on your way to recovery.